Association of District Development Committees of Nepal

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Energy and Environment Unit




District Development Committees (DDCs) are the apex bodies of local governments. In accordance with the decentralization policy of GoN/N and gradual devolution of authority to local government institution, the responsibility of DDC is extending. Local Self-Governance Act, 1999 (LSGA) has provisioned various tasks, roles and responsibilities of local governments for local development. They encompass economic, social and infrastructure development, regulatory and development administration, planning and co-ordination of all local development projects and activities. In districts, sectoral projects and activities are being carried out by concerned line agencies at local level. However, there are some multi-dimensional and cross cutting issues that are not adequately addressed in their development efforts. A holistic approach of Environmental management is one of such issues that DDCs have to consider for sustainable development of the district.

 It is expected that almost all districts will accomplish preparation of their district development periodic plan within a year or so. The periodic plan includes all district level development projects and activities carried out by all development partners including government, NGO and private sectors. DDCs have to prepare and get approval from District Council annual plan of district that is based on periodic plan.

 Many development projects carried out at local level without consideration of environmental conservation aspects in them will have detrimental impact not only on physical infrastructures but also brings about hardship in life of rural poor. Many development projects have further marginalized the people in around the project areas in the absence of judicious environmental decisions. There is need for integration of LSGA provisions regarding environmental and natural resources management aspects in all development endeavors. Likewise, given the negligible access to electricity of rural people, high dependency on forests for fuel has caused to degrade the forests aggravating the environment management problem. As a vehicle for all types of development, promotion of alternative energy is equally important for local socio-economic development and conservation of environmental resources.

 Hence, it has been imperative to integrate environmental governance to minimize or alter the deteriorating process. At the same time the skill, knowledge, mechanism and instruments to address this issue is very weak at the local level For it, the awareness on importance and tools of environmental conservation has to be carried out in various levels. Similarly, the capacity of local government and other development partners at local level have to be enhanced.

 In order to enable DDCs for better services in energy and environment governance, it is proposed to establish Energy and Environment Unit within ADDCN Secretariat. The unit will work in collaboration with other units and will contribute to attain ADDCN’S vision, goal and objectives.

Our Mission Statement

The promotion of rural energy systems and services through coordination and partnership with different stakeholders by local governments which ensures the creation of institutional mechanisms and human capacities for achieving sustainable livelihoods at the local level.

Guiding Principles:

DDC as a coordinating, implementing and facilitating agency of development efforts at district level, should be able to discharge its functions to promote sustained development of the district while conserving the overall environment. In order to achieve this, the Natural Resources, Energy and Environment Unit (NaREE) should focus to support the following guiding principles;

 ·       Working for the strengthening the capacity of ADDCN on Natural Resources, Energy and Environment management sector in order to provide advisory, training and information & networking services to member DDCs and other stakeholders, effectively and efficiently.

·        Strengthening the capacities of DDCs in managing the natural resources, energy and environment as a cross cutting issue of development.

·        Promoting innovative and sustainable rural energy system and initiatives. 

Development Objective (Goal):

The NaREE Unit should contribute to the achievement of functioning of local government capable and effective to promote sustainable district development.

Immediate Objective (Purpose):

 The NaREE Unit is capacitated to provide professional services to member DDCs, and other stakeholders in the matters of natural resources, and environmental management and, planning and implementation of rural energy systems and environment initiatives at local level.

Strategy and Approach:

 The NaREE Unit will have following strategy and approach

§           Co-ordination with other units of ADDCN and GoN, Donors, NGOs,     Consultants/experts and Private Sectors.

§               Consideration of gender balance issue

§               Primarily DDCs and in consultation with them, VDCs, NGOs and COs dealt as focal points in respective areas.


§              Prepare information, education and communication (IEC) materials and disseminate them.

§               Prepare and operationalize environmental management guidelines.

§               Prepare best practice case studies and disseminate.

§               Establish network with GoN/N, DDCs, Donors, NGOs and Private Sector.

§               Provide support to DDCs in institutional and capacity building in integrating             environmental conservation in local development efforts.

§               Prepare training packages.

§               Provide policy feedback on decentralized energy and environmental planning.

§               Lobby and advocate for sustainable rural energy and environment conservation.

§               Conduct workshop training and orientation programs.

§               Provide consultancy services and expert advises on energy and environment including EIA, Environment Planning etc.

§               Collaborate with other units.

§               Plan and implement unit’s strategic, annual and quarterly plans.

§               Negotiate with donors for funding of units projects/activities.

Coordination and Networking

a.    There are a large number of organizations and institutions in various parts of the country working in rural energy sectors and there is a wealth of experience available. There is also a great deal of indigenous knowledge and understanding of local resource systems, which is often not made use of effectively in rural energy programmes. However, there is clearly a need to coordinate these efforts and to communicate results with a larger audience. ADDCN will support and facilitate DDC to achieve more effective coordination with communities, VDCs, donors and other related organizations.

b.    ADDCN will facilitate and support the development of network of local governments working together to promote the rural energy sector with the aim of delivering more effective sustainable development outcomes. It will also support the creation of inter local government partnership in rural energy sector.


Rural Energy Development Programme (REDP/UNDP)

Alternative Energy Promotion Centre


Contact Information

Mr. Rishi Raj Lumsali


Mr. Hem Raj Lamichhane
Executive Secretary General  


Er.Prakash Gyawali
Energy and Environment specialist
Natural Resource, Energy and Environment Unit
Association of District Development Committee of Nepal


00977 1 5529202


00977 1 5548469

Postal address

Sanepa, Lalitpur, NEPAL

Post Box
          P O Box 12022

Kathamandu, Nepal

Electronic mail



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Copyright © 2006 Natural Resource, Energy and Environment Unit/ADDCN
Last modified: 07/05/12