Policy Statement of ADDCN
Energy is fundamental to economic development and to people's livelihood. It enables them to do more with the resources that they have. Reliable, appropriate, accessible and affordable energy supplies can play an important role in improving the living condition of poor people in the country. Thus energy needs to be considered as other important public services just like infrastructure development, health and education. Local Government is an effective organization to deliver this service for local people. Energy can also provide revenue needed to make local government more independent and can give local governments allocative power over revenue generating opportunities, both of which can help build local government self reliance.
To achieve the above-mentioned policy, ADDCN has stressed the following strategy:
I. Advocacy and Lobby Initiatives
Local Governments and their associations need to advocate for appropriate rural energy policy and lobby national government with the aim of achieving favorable rural energy policies for local governments.
II. Rural Energy Planning
DDCs are apex bodies of local planning processes. ADDCN will facilitate and support DDCs to formulate annual and long-term energy development plans in accordance with the provisions of the LSGA 2055 (1999). They need to set goals and timetables for increasing the use of renewable energy technologies in their participatory bottom up energy planning in order to provide alternative electricity supply services in areas where grid extension is too costly and where opportunities for the use of renewable energy sources is economically warranted. In this regard, it is important that Local Governments clearly communicate to rural communities the unfeasibility of grid-service to distant areas. Such communication can speed market penetration of household-scale systems, which might otherwise face resistance as remote communities continue to expect grid connection in the near future.
Local governments will initiate grid extension programme and distribution of electricity through bulk purchase modalities in their energy development plan with the collaboration and cooperation with the NEA and private sector. Local Government can be a retailer of NEA or the extension and management of grid line through cooperative model can be explored.
ADDCN will lobby central government and policy makers that rural energy development programmes of donors, INGO, NGOs and private sector be implemented following the district planning process in accordance with Local Self-Governance Act 2055.
The beneficiaries, communities targeted by 10th year plan will be involved in planning process in priority basis.
III. Integration with other initiatives
ADDCN will support and facilitate DDCs to promote rural energy systems in an integrated manner. In order to achieve this, the following tools can be considered.
a. Most rural energy programmes so far have been run as centralized, target-oriented programmes exclusive of other programmes. However, the experience suggests that while determining the feasibility or adaptability of a particular programme or technology, it would be important to consider the priorities of the local people, and bring about an integration of various development programmes. For instance, biogas dissemination can be done in conjunction with rural sanitation programmes, and solar photovoltaic projects can be combined with rural communication, etc. However, such integration would be possible only if a decentralized planning method is adopted, and local participation ensured.
b. As women are prime users of energy, local government will promote rural energy development program with gender mainstreaming.
c. Rural energy development must be integrated with other measures dealing with agriculture, education and, infrastructure as well as social and political factors. Experience has clearly demonstrated the limited effect of one-dimensional measures.
d. Community mobilization will be given priority for promoting rural energy development in a integrated way.
ADDCN will support and facilitate local governments to establish rural energy markets for rural populations by encouraging the private sector to invest on rural energy sector through public private partnerships.
Local Governments will promote joint hydropower development project with private sectors.
Local Governments will promote the establishment of Rural Energy Service Center (RESC), which will support the promotion as well as repair and maintenance of existing rural energy services in the district. ADDCN will facilitate the promotion of RESCs and will support in feasibility studies to establish such centers at the local level.
V. Capital Development Fund
ADDCN will facilitate local government to establish Rural Energy Development Fund for promotion of RET. Local Government will also support to seek resource mobilization from different stakeholders and donors for the promotion of rural energy technologies. The existence of such a fund helps greatly to establish and stabilize market opportunities by expanding the number of households who can purchase renewable energy systems.
VI. Human Resource Development
The inadequate of involvement of local communities, especially women, in planning, implementation and follow up aspects of rural energy programmes have been identified as an important reason for the inconsistent performance of these programmes. The main reasons for this poor participation are a lack of effective planning software and mechanisms, and inadequate human capacity at the grass-roots level. ADDCN will support and facilitate in development of human resource capacities in communities, local bodies and other related organizations in terms of creating awareness regarding energy issues, and developing the technical and managerial expertise to plan and manage programmes effectively.
Local governments will be encouraged to learn and internalize "best practice" from successful rural energy programmes of different organizations. ADDCN will collect and document examples of "best practice" and disseminate to LGs
VIII. Coordination and Networking
a. There are a large number of organizations and institutions in various parts of the country working in rural energy sectors and there is a wealth of experience available. There is also a great deal of indigenous knowledge and understanding of local resource systems, which is often not made use of effectively in rural energy programmes. However, there is clearly a need to coordinate these efforts and to communicate results with a larger audience. ADDCN will support and facilitate DDC to achieve more effective coordination with communities, VDCs, donors and other related organizations.
b. ADDCN will facilitate and support the development of network of local governments working together to promote the rural energy sector with the aim of delivering more effective sustainable development outcomes. It will also support the creation of inter local government partnership in rural energy sector.
IX. Community for Micro Hydro
Local governments have to promote micro hydro (MH) as a community based approach because water, the raw material of MH is a common resource owned by the community. ADDCN will facilitate and support to develop Community Managed Micro Hydro Development Guidelines.
X. Establishment of Energy Section
ADDCN will support DDCs in establishing District Energy Section/ Unit as one of sectoral section of the DDC according to LSGA by providing technical advice and other inputs.
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