ADDCN at a Glance

Background

Establishment of democracy at the national level alone does not ensure functional, efficient and effective democracy at the grassroots such that maximum number of citizens is directly participating in governing themselves. Decentralization of the state power is the means to achieve this goal. It not only empowers local governance institutions but by so doing also brings them closer to the people, the sovereign citizens of the state. Therefore, local self-governments are institutional arrangements that initiate, ensure and institutionalize democratic process at the grassroots. As immediate, local self-governments offer better public goods and services as these reflect, owing to relatively common aspirations, preferences and needs of the local population, the increasing tendency towards optimization of social (public) welfare function. After the restoration of democracy in Nepal, a democratic constitution was promulgated in 1991. The constitution has recognized the decentralization of authority as a means to provide maximum opportunity to people in their governance and hence enjoy the benefits of democracy and development. However, there was no constitutional provision of autonomous local governments. Furthermore, following the successful aftermath of the historic Peoples Movement of April 2006 and commencement of the

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Association of District Development Committees of Nepal (ADDCN) P.O. Box No. 12022, Kathmandu Sanepa Mode, Lalitpur, Nepal Phone No. : 977-1-5554081, 5529202 Fax : 977-1-5548469 E-mail : addcn@addcn.org.np